[QUOTE=“Vulpes, post: 435379, member: 3029”]
Others have pointed out how these societies were not capitalist, but I want to point out the absurdity of labeling Pre-Colonial Ireland “anarchic.” they were kingdoms ruled by monarchies. It seems you didn’t even attempt to fact check.[/QUOTE]
In Celtic Irish society of the Middle Ages and the Early Modern period, courts and the law were largely anarchist, and operated in a purely stateless manner. This society persisted in this manner for roughly a thousand years until its conquest by England in the seventeenth century.
In contrast to many similarly functioning tribal societies (such as the lbos in West Africa), preconquest Ireland was not in any sense “primitive”: it was a highly complex society that was, for centuries, the most advanced, most scholarly, and most civilized in all of Western Europe. A leading authority on ancient Irish law wrote, [B]“There was no legislature, no bailiffs, no police, no public enforcement of justice[/B]… There was no trace of State-administered justice.
All “freemen” who owned land, all professionals, and all craftsmen, were entitled to become members of a tuath. Each tuath’s members formed an annual assembly which decided all common policies, declared war or peace on other tuatha, and elected or deposed their “kings.” In contrast to primitive tribes,[B] no one was stuck or bound to a given tuath, either because of kinship or of geographical location.[/B] Individual members were free to, and often did, secede from a tuath and join a competing tuath. Professor Peden states, “the tuath is thus a body of persons voluntarily united for socially beneficial purposes and the sum total of the landed properties of its members constituted its territorial dimension.
The “king” had no political power; he could not decree or administer justice or declare war. Basically he was a priest and militia leader, and presided over the tuath assemblies.
Celtic Ireland survived many invasions, but was finally vanquished by Oliver Cromwell’s reconquest in 1649-50.
“Check yourself before you wreck yourself.” ~ Shrek