here is my first of many essays in my AP US History class in school. this was a homework assignment and i wanted to see how yall felt about my writing and the people i wrote about… (appx 2 page paper db spaced)
AP US History
9 August 2005
History is an elaborately configured and webbed story of the many great civilizations, the rulers and people of them, and the lessons society has learned from the actions in its course. To tell a complete story of history, one must have a timeframe or outline of a particular course of events and facts to substantiate them. From the early 1800s through the late 1900s, August Comte, Oswald Spengler, and Talcott Parsons have made sense of our global story with philosophical, sociological, and objective reasoning.
August Comte, born 1798 to a Catholic home in France, was the first major philosopher in the field of sociology. Comte actually coined this term and believed the history of science lived through three stages: theological, metaphysical, and positive. He believed that sociology would be the science holding all other sciences together. Becoming atheist at age 14, it is understandable that Comte dropped his beliefs in religion and took up the more positive, factual beliefs of his historical understanding of sociology. Comte’s great sociological advances have been refined over the years into an artistic study based on facts and evidence to predict social outcomes of many situations.
The outcomes of many situations can be predicted. Well, Oswald Spengler, a German historian born in 1880, believed this. Spengler published some controversial works of literature in his day. He believed that history was a repeating process, or cycle, that would continue to reoccur over the course of time. He published the book, Decline of the West, which first came out in 1917. In this book, Spengler wrote about this historic cycle and how it would affect Europe. Germany was coming under Nazi control in this time period, and Spengler supported the Nazis through this time. He hung a Swastika flag from his home in Munich, Germany in their honor. Spengler wrote about how many of the ancient and great civilizations lasted for their times of reign, but eventually fell to destruction. This was the cycle he was emphasizing to the people, though it was a very controversial and debatable topic. This was partly because of his lack of experience not only as an author, but also his lack of scientific knowledge.
A man not lacking in scientific knowledge is Talcott Parsons, born in 1932 in the USA. Parsons wrote the work The Structure of Social Action. This was a work of sociological understanding of the relationship of people and their governments. This relationship is built on trust, and without trust, citizens feel betrayed, or lied to, by the government of their state. One example of this betrayal is the Watergate scandal involving Nixon and his administration between 1972 and 1974 during the campaign for the next election. Another such scandalous moment in U.S. history is the events surrounding the secret U.S. military base of Area 51, and “alien abductions” at Roswell. There are reasons governments withhold confidential information, but when the press spins a story to convince citizens the government is doing wrong, people, as a unit will revolt out against the government’s action. This is usually what causes decline in great civilizations.
Governments, civilizations, and advances in social sciences have helped people understand the historic story of our world. With the works of, August Comte, Oswald Spengler, and Talcott Parsons, people have the ability to educate themselves and learn the story of their ancestors through the trial and error events of history to build a better, safer tomorrow for everybody in the world to enjoy.