You conveniently ignored my point about the Wikipedia article you linked, that it cites two different accounts, one by a modern historian, that the Spartans practiced pederasty. While I’d say Aristotle was no more immune to the “Spartan mirage” than Xenophon or Plato, even if for the opposite reasons, being fond of women does not exclude homosexuality or pederasty (as I already pointed out, the Greeks did not share the modern idea of homosexuality or heterosexuality).[quote=“Champion, post:16, topic:112700”]
Xenophon himself never criticized pederasty and, as an Athenian, it can be assumed he thought it to be normal. In his writings he seemed surprised by Spartan opposition, rather than supportive. You can find more details on this relatively easily.
Plato in The Republic criticizes male homosexuality along with the myth that Zeus abducted Ganymede. Philosophers such as him and Xenophon presented themselves as more frugal and spiritual than the mass of Athenian democrats who they despised. The idea of passionately and non-platonically pursuing male lovers would’ve been seen as an affront by them.
In The Laws, Plato writes:
We’re faced with the fact that though in several other respects Crete in general and Sparta gives us pretty solid help when we frame laws that flout common custom, in affairs of the heart they are totally opposed to us.
Suppose you follow nature’s rule and establish the law that was in force before the time of Laius. You’d argue that one may have sexual intercourse with a woman but not with men or boys. As evidence for your view, you’d point to the animal world, where you’d argue the males do not have sexual relations with each other, because such a thing is unnatural. But in Crete and Sparta your argument would not go down very well, and you’d probably persuade nobody.
This sounds more like Plato’s concept of “platonic love” then it does a realistic picture of same sex relations in Sparta. But regardless, the relationship was clearly portrayed by Plutarch as being romantic in nature, sodomy with a free male may have been prohibited and taboo, but that does not eliminate homosexuality.[quote=“Champion, post:16, topic:112700”]
Sparta was not the only city state thought to not practice such acts.
Most historians and scholars accept that pederasty was common in Sparta, it’s only really right wingers who have a hard time accepting it. Next they will be saying Kerkylas of Andros was a real person.